History of Gouldian Finch

John Gould, its discoverer

The Gouldian finch was discovered in northern Australia by John Gould who described the variety of black head of a specimen caught near the river Victoria. In tribute to his late wife Gould put his name: Lady Gouldian Finch (Amadina Gouldiae).
The first Gouldian finch red head hunted him down naturalists hambrón & Jacquinot in Raffles Bay, on the northwest coast of Australia.
It was initially assumed they were subspecies but later concluded that they were mutations of the same species. The Gouldian finch orange head was described in the late eighteenth century. By 1887 came to Europe the first Gouldian finch causing a sensation, but those first units did not live long. There was a huge demand but most of the specimens did not survive the boat trip from Australia and those who came were getting very weak and ended up getting sick. In 1896 came the first Gouldian finch to Germany and were in a large exhibition of birds Berlin. Copies were red and black head. The first copies of yellow head did not reach Europe until 1915.

Large imports

Since the late nineteenth century until the early twentieth century were captured and imported to Europe large amounts of Gouldian finch, but kept coming few because they died after long journeys by boat. During the two world wars captures they were discontinued, but they became harder reaching the peak in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
Only in 1958 about 27,000 estrildids were captured in the Kimberley region. It was estimated that out of every 300 or 400 birds captured, only one came a year of captivity and those who were flown to the United States, lived only 5%.

1960: The prohibition

In 1960 the export prohibition is declared by the Australian government.
Meanwhile, Japan started breeding Gouldian Finch with Japanese nurses, thousands of couples increasing exports to Europe. With the 1960 prohibition, Japan was the only country exporting. But these specimens were weak and atrophied instinct.
Unfortunately, now this bird is not easy to find in the wild due to changes in their natural habitat caused by the great Australian fires and the disappearance of grasses, vital food for them. That is why theIUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) has classified Gouldian FInch as a near threatened species.

P.W. Teague, the great beekeeper of Gouldian Finch

The English P.W. Teague It was the first who managed to create a family tree, breeding them uninterruptedly from 1930 to 1946 and getting 24 generations. Its success was partly due to food and germinated seed mixture that gave them canary seed and white millet in a ratio of 3: 1. These and other measures taken by Teague currently still apply successfully by breeders Gouldian Finch.

History of Gouldian Finch

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Canariz2 - Artículos de ornitología para Diamantes de Gould