Bacterial Diseases Gouldian finch

Colibacillosis (Escherichia coli)

ORIGIN: Escherichia coli

EPIDEMIOLOGY:

- Coexists with the animal without causing any symptoms. When immunosuppression occurs E. coli proliferates and results in a clinical.

- Factors that favor its appearance:

  • Environmental contamination with fecal matter.
  • Unhygienic facilities.
  • Administration of contaminated water or food.
  • Nutritional changes.
  • Stressful situations.
  • Overcrowding cages and voladeras.

 

TRANSMISSION:

  • Oral: Ingestion of food contaminated with feces.
  • Inhalational: Aspiration of contaminated dust.
  • Directly: By contact between individuals.

 

CLINIC:

  • Diarrheal form (usually in adults): Diarrhea, Plumage very dirty, dehydration, loss of appetite.
  • Septicemic form (spreads throughout the body): Liver, air bags, articular System, Heart.

 

DIAGNOSIS:

Isolation and identification of bacteria through samples in the laboratory.

TREATMENT:

  • Neomycin sulfate (7-10 days. 2.5 g / Kg food) recommended treatment does not affect fertility.
  • Enrofloxacin (5 days / rest / 5 days). alternative treatment.
  • Doxycycline (5 days / rest / 5 days). alternative treatment.
  • Ampicillin (5 days / rest / 5 days). alternative treatment.
  • Vitamin B.
  • Probiotics.

 

Animals that have passed the infection may not be as carriers, in this case try for 5 days around the aviary in pre-mute weeks.

 


 

Salmonellosis (Salmonella spp)

ORIGIN: Salmonella gallinarum, Salmonella pullorum, Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella enteritidis

EPIDEMIOLOGY:

- Factors that favor its appearance:

  • Administration of contaminated water or food.
  • Stressful situations.
  • Presence of carrier birds.
  • Presence of other domestic species on site (chickens).
  • Absence of hygiene and cleanliness.
  • Incorrect drug treatments.

 

TRANSMISSION:

  • Oral: Ingestion of material contaminated with feces and fluids.
  • Inhalational: You can give but little importance.
  • Food: Ingestion of contaminated food.
  • Directly: By contact between individuals.
  • Vertical: Transmission female eggs during their formation.

 

CLINIC:

  • Septicemic (affects all organs) with acute peritonitis and death.
  • Diarrhoea of yellowish-green color
  • Apathy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Dehydration.

 

DIAGNOSIS:

Isolation and identification of bacteria through samples in the laboratory

TREATMENT:

  • Sulfamethoxazole / trimethoprim (Sulfatrim). (7 days, doses of 360-500 mg / lt. Water). Treatment with best result.
  • Enrofloxacin (7 days / 5-7 rest / 7 days). alternative treatment.
  • Sulfonamides (7 days / 5-7 rest / 7 days) .Tratamiento alternative.
  • Furazolidone (7 days / 5-7 rest / 7 days) .Tratamiento alternative.
  • Gentamicin (7 days / 5-7 rest / 7 days) .Tratamiento alternative.
  • Vitamin B.
  • Rehydrating.
  • Probiotics.

 


 

Campylobacter (Campylobacter spp)

ORIGIN: Campylobacter spp

EPIDEMIOLOGY:

- Factors that favor its appearance:

  • Contact with wild birds, rodents and insects
  • Stressful situations
  • Contaminated equipment and facilities
  • Poor housekeeping
  • Contaminated food and water
  • Presence of other digestive diseases.
  • Overcrowding cages and voladeras.

 

TRANSMISSION:

  • Oral: Ingestion of food contaminated with feces, ingestion of contaminated food.

 

CLINIC:

  • Diarrhea, mild dehydration, apathy, loss of appetite, anorexia

 

DIAGNOSIS:

Isolation and identification of bacteria through samples in the laboratory

TREATMENT:

  • Erythromycin (5-7 days - 125 mg / lt water.).
  • Enrofloxacin (5-7 days - 200 mg / lt water.).
  • Doxycycline (5-7 days - 250 mg / lt water.).
  • Vitamins.

 

Bacterial Diseases Gouldian finch

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